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پردازش تصویر - تاریخچه ماشین بینایی
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دهه 1950


ریشه سیستم پردازش تصویر بر می گردد به قبل از مطالعه و تحقیق در رابطه با کاربردهای نظامی و تحقیقات بر روی هوش مصنوعی.



دهه 1960 و 1970


اولین دسته بندی هوش مصنوعی به دو گروه مطالعاتی تقسیم شد: 

- نظریه پرداز منطقی 

- تشخصی الگو.

در این دهه موسسه تکنولوژی ماساچوست (MIT) برای اولین بار استفاده از پردازش تصویر واقعی در یک پروژه برای حرکت دادن بازوی ربات بهره برد و نظریه پرداز David Marran ، در  این موسسه به خاطر نظریه هایش درباره پردازش بینایی پیشرو در استفاده از سیستم های بینایی می باشد.


 

دهه 1980


در این سال پردازش تصویر و ماشین بینایی جایگاه تحقیقاتی را به دست آوردند.پیشرفت الگوریتم ماشین بینایی Grayscale (8 بیت) و موجود بودن بردهای تکی پردازش تصویر و ارائه ویندوز 1.0 در سال 1985 باعث پیشرفت شگرفی گردید.

در سال 1988 عقب نشینی وسیعی در صنعت بینایی صورت گرفت که دلیل عمده آن فروپاشی موسسه بین المللی ماشین بینایی بود و بعد از مدتی در اواخر این دهه تولید دوربین ها مخصوصاً برای کاربردهای صنعتی و بازار ماشین بینایی و پردازش تصویر آغاز شد.


 

دهه 1990


پیشرفت عظیم صنعت ماشین بینایی با سیستم های صنعتی موجود و پیشرفت صنعت با انتشار ویندوز 32 بیت ( ویندوز 95) یکی از دستاوردهای این دهه بود. تولید دوربین های هوشمند با استفاده از چیپ های پردازنده و افزایش استفاده از تکنولوژی استاندارد PC و سیستم عامل برای ماشین های بینایی و معرفی الگوریتم های شبکه ای به شاخه های اصلی سیستم های بینایی باعث پیشرفت رابطه های گرافیکی و برنامه نویسی راحت تر در اینگونه سیستم ها شد.

 


دهه 2000 

در این دهه با پیشرفت سیستم های ارگونومیک برای یکپارچه سازی کارخانه و اتخاذ تکنولوژی FireWire (IEEE1394) دوربین های دیجیتال برای صنعت ماشین بینایی باعث گسترش سریع بازار دوربین ها و سنسورها شد.

پذیرفته شدن تکنولوژی GigE به FireWire به عنوان استاندارد صنعت ماشین بینایی و افزایش استفاده از کدهای دیتاماتریکس در صنعت یک دستاورد متفاوت در این دوره بود.

 


دهه 2010

این دوره با شروع پیشرفت الگوریتم های سه بعدی و شکل دهی پایه PC Base سیستم های بینایی با تکنولوژی .NET و ویندوز 7 ، 64 بیتی همجنان رو به گسترش سیستم های پردازش تصویر هستیم.





نوع مطلب : مقالات، 
برچسب ها : vision، machine vision، کنترل کیفی، ویژن سیستم، دوربین های صنعتی، ویژن، پردازش تصویر،
لینک های مرتبط :
محمد حیدری
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